Hello New World / Overview:
Registers for the Bernartice parish are available at the State Regional Archive at Trebon for the periods 1685-1902 (births), and to 1898 for marriages and Deaths.
From birth record at Bernartice Roman Catholic Parish Office (Vol. 10, Births 1852-62, pg. 65) :
Godparents: Mateg Pilecek, a farmer (selak) from No. 7 Drazic, and Katerina Petrk a retired farmer's wife (vyminkarka) of Podoli No. 11.
Baptized by: Frantisek Patril, curate.
Midwife (uncertified): Anna Pechota, a cottager's wife (domarka) of Podoli No. 33
Birth certificate received by (copy given to) Anton on Feb. 10, 1872 according to the "request for certificate" record in archives for Podoli 1, Bohemia.
One history of the Jedlickas descended from Anton Jedlicka comes from a short card sent to his great grand daughter Wendy Jedlicka, in May of 1973, by his son Anton George Jedlicka. "...They came to Chicago just about 100 years ago in their teens [Anton and Magdalena]. Of peasant stock, they, like most new immigrants, were very poor. Your great grandfather eventually became superintendent of the I. Stevenson Lumber Co. in Chicago. Your great grandmother had thirteen children of whom six [actually 5] lived to maturity. I was next to the youngest of the flock, while my brother Mike was the oldest, and in between there were three sisters. Julia the last, and a year or two older than I am....".
Arriving in the U.S. in 1872 at the age of 18 Anton ran or owned a tavern on the water front with umbrella'ed sidewalk tables, but that didn't last long, according to Ralph Ouska (son of Julia Jedlicka Ouska). Women and children weren't allowed in pubs like the family taverns of the old country, due to the rough clientele on the Chicago wharf area where the bar was located.
Anton then worked his way up at the I. Stephenson Lumber Co. (138 Washington) in Chicago where he eventually became superintendent. New immigrants in the U.S. tend to continue the work they had been doing before they moved. Anton was probably no exception. Had he lived in Pilsen before emigrating, running a tavern in a town containing one of the world's oldest and most famous breweries (Pilsner Urquell) plus thousands of thirsty factory workers, farmers, and railroad workers, would have allowed him to earn the kind of money they would need to move.
According to Anton's obituary (probably written by Magdalena) in the Denni Hlasatel, a Chicago Czech language newspaper, Anton was born in Podoli 1, a small town between Pisek. and Tabor, just West of Bernartice.
Update 2003: Anton emigrated with 3 of his brothers in 1872. The reason I've never been able to find his passage on any ship's manifest is that according to a family entry in the Verdigre (Nebraska) Centennial Book, the three were shipwrecked! It stands to reason then that Anton and Magdalena met, courted and married in the Pilsen neighborhood of Chicago. Which all goes far to explaining: why it was 2 years between their emigration and marriage, the distance in their home villages, and the fact that they married here in the US rather than back in Bohemia as they were both of age when they emigrated (and Magdalena a bit old for a first time bride of her era - 22).
Ralph Ouska said Anton was a tall man, and Magdalena a small woman. They too must have been a rather amorous couple, as Magdalena bore Anton 14 children, of which 5, actually, lived to maturity. That's one child every 2.5 years, with her last child (which died at birth) being born when she was 48.
Anton filed his Declaration of Intent (the start of the citizenship paper work) in 1874. This record was in the Cook Co. Declaration of Intent (1874) Vol. 1, entry 1145. Reference to Anton Jedlicka is only in the general index, the actual record is not available. Anton's date of emigration, 1872, appears on his Notice of Naturalization and in recorded birth record requests for Podoli 1, Bohemia. He (and therefore his family) became naturalized on Oct. 20, 1898.
Anton Jedlicka - 615 W. 18th St. Chicago
No Cert. #, but is in Vol. 52 - pg 321 (minor 8yrs [who is this?])
Country of Birth/Allegiance - Bohemia/Austria
Witness - Josef Palacek - 581 W. 18th St. Chicago
Superior Court of Cook Co.
Anton and Magdalena were married on Nov. 12, 1874 in a civil ceremony, and on Nov. 15, 1874 at St. John Nepomuk, by Father Wm. Choka (first pastor of St. John's and founder of St. Procopius in 1875 in Chicago). Their ages were listed on the wedding certificate as 21 for Anton, and 20 for Magdalena. The witnesses to the church ceremony were Josef Marialek(?) and Mathias Jedlicka. They lived their lives in the Pilsen neighborhood of Chicago, moving, but usually only a few doors down, as their needs changed.
Chicago Directory 1877- Anton Jadlicka, Laborer - 273 W. 20th
Birth cert.- Julie Barbora, June 17,1889 - 279 W. 20th
Birth cert.- Anton, Oct. 10, 1891 - 273 W. 20th
Birth cert.- Magdalena, Jan. 28, 1894 - 273 W. 20th
Cook Co. census,1900 - 269 West 20th
Property records 1900 - 1006 W. 20th (now W. Cullerton)
There is a slight math problem with respect to Emma (Emilia Jedlicka Novacek) in that she is listed as having been born in Bohemia (Part of the Austrian Empire), a land Magdalena and Anton had left 12 years (1872) before her birthdate listed on the census (Aug. 1884). Other discrepancies include: The date of birth on Anton's death certificate differs from the date listed on the census (January, rather than March, 1854). Which differs again from his birth record in the CFR of April 12, 1854.
Jedlickas of Anton Frantisek Jedlicka's line have been traced from Podoli 1, to Bernartice (many are buried and a few still living there), to Oparany (going East, refer to the map at the top of this page).
In the mean time, if you speak Czech, here is the Histroy of Podoli 1 [16mb PDF], copied from the only existing version, hand-typed and housed at the Bernartice library.
More information on these ancestors will follow soon.
Stay tuned . . .
"We're all related, it just depends how far back you go."
Miroslav Koudelka, Czech Genealogist
©1999 W.L. Jedlicka